January 29, 2019
Dr Hanudin Amin
Muslim leaders serve as an exemplary to inspire their followers to comply with three policies of Islamic administration: syura, justice and freedom to advocate trust (amanah), responsibility (taklif) and accountability (mas’uliyyah).
These policies require leaders to engage with an act of courage, competence, honesty, patience, and equity to achieve rewarding changes.
However, leaders in a multiracial country like Malaysia find their leadership roles are challenging, given people’s different properties of mind-set and intellectual capacity. A conventional thinking of administration policies is inadequate owing to its incompatibility in philosophy to a new generation that affects its success.
To address, Islamic administration policies should be enhanced for unity and brotherhood.
SYURA refers to consultation in tandem with an Islamic approach and by following the guidelines of the Quran and the Hadith. Syura aids leaders to empower all employees of an organisation to participate in the decision making to strengthen collective decision for the benefits of the masses;
JUSTICE refers to put things in their rightful place. Leaders in Islam give their employees equal rights and treatment regardless of their skin and colour. Any efforts that lead to justice are thought to be concurred with maqasid al-Shariah. All measures, deeds and activities that simplifying and causing progress to the cause of justice and do not violate Islam are valid; and
FREEDOM refers to right to act, voice out or embrace as one wishes. Leaders guarantee a natural right for the muslim and for the non-muslim. They guarantee (1) freedom of religion, and (2) freedom of speech. One can attend religious activities freely and can speak the truth to fight for changes, tolerating society to develop and progress. He is a locomotive being.
These policies offer enhanced applications and a new decree for managing people and particularly to young millennials who are a growing number of employees in various industries. The details are as follows.
Syura can be employed to overcome severe issues like a collusion and abuse of power. Every public or private organisation can leverage on it via a contingency plan to address the unethical issues. The prophetic leadership is the rule.
Be it successful or not, both leaders and followers should accountable and responsible for any adverse outcomes drawn from an unpopular decision.
Justice can be acculturated in all aspects of equal rights of individuals that include education, recognition and employment whilst any acts of unreasoning ethnic bigotry, favouritism and fallacies of persons of unfamiliar origin and discriminations against them are vetoed. Justice upholds a culture of effective administration that embraces tawheedic paradigm.
The established social contract if any should be respected and any acts of discrimination should be handled with cautious and tolerance. An affirmative atmosphere is the key.
Leaders should develop a directive that shapes a mutual respect among individuals in religious deeds. The freedom to express ideas, opinions and the right of the people peaceably to assemble need to be cherished by all folks for a comradeship.
A prosocial environment can be upheld and in turn a better understanding of everyone fundamental rights in education, religion, property ownership and right to constitutional remedies can be attained to produce a shared well-being to all.
All told, tawheed is a key factor that ensures the policies a success. Indeed, leaders’ good faith in Allah SWT (habluminallah) helps to extend their good conducts not only to others (habluminannas) but also to nature (habluminalalam).
Dr Hanudin Amin is an associate professor in international finance faculty, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Labuan International Campus (UMSKAL).